CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION


CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

(a)  Building materials:
(i)  Stones: Classification, requirements of good materials, Querying of stones, common building stones. 
(ii)  Bricks: Classification of bricks‐constituent of a good brick earth, harmful ingredients, manufacturing of bricks, 
testing of bricks. 
(iii)  Tiles, Terra ‐ cotta: Manufacturing of tiles and terra‐cotta, types of terra‐cotta, uses of terra cotta. 
(iv)  Lime: Classification, manufactures of lime, artificial hydraulic lime, pozzuolana, field‐testing of lime. 3 
(v)  Cements: Composition, manufactures of Portland cement, field‐testing of cement, special types of cements, storage 
of cement. 
(vi)  Steel: Types of steel, marketable forms, stress‐ strain behavior. 
(vii)  Cement concrete: Various constituents, preparation and properties of concrete in fresh state, factors affecting 
workability, durability and strength, characteristic strength, stress‐ strain behavior, acceptance criteria, mix‐ design and 
physical tests. 
(ix)  Timber: Classification of timber, structure of timber, seasoning of timber, defects in timber, important Indian 
timbers. 
(x)  Paints and varnishes: Constituents of paints, types of paints, types, constituents and characteristics of varnishes, 
miscellaneous. 
(xi)  Introduction to polymers: Polymeric materials, PVC, Polyester, HDPE, CDPE etc. Classification, properties and 
applications in civil engineering.


(b) Building Construction: 
(i)  Brick and stone masonry: Various terms used, types, tools used, bonds in brick work, dressing of stones, 
applications for lifting stones. 
(ii)  Partition and cavity walls: Types of non bearing partition‐ brick partitions, clay block partitions, timber partitions 
and glass partitions, construction of a masonry cavity walls. 
(iii)  Damp prevention: Sources of dampness, effects of dampness, prevention of dampness, materials used in damp 
proofing course. 
(iv)  Roofs: Types, terms used in sloping roof, king post truss, queen post truss, simple steel roof trusses. 
(v)  Floors: Components of floor, brick floors, cement concrete floors, terrazzo flooring, mosaic floorings, tiled flooring. 
(vi)  Doors and Windows: Locations, sizes general types of door movement, various types of doors and windows. 

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