PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND QUANTITY SURVEYING


PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND QUANTITY SURVEYING
(a)  Construction plant and equipment: Factors affecting selection of equipment, aggregate production techniques, crushers, concrete production (only general features of equipments will be discussed). 
(b)  Specifications: Object of specifications, general specifications, detailed specifications of the following: earth work in foundation, lean concrete in foundation, cement concrete, RCC, brick work, plastering, cement concrete floor, mosaic floor, white washing, distempering, painting, doors and windows, DPC, centering and shuttering, stone masonry, cement mortar, lime mortar. 
(c)  Introduction of trade scope for training in the trade safety precautions. Carpenter’s hard tools their names materials from which made and uses. Grinder of tools precautions to be taken. Common joints their description and use. Use of nails screws 
hings dowels etc, joining compounds. Purposes of arch centering door frames etc., and point to be attended to while making them. 
(d)  Description- specification and general care & maintenance of common tools used by a brick mason. Evolution of brick size and shape of brick constituents of brick earth-step in manufacturing of bricks detail regarding preparation of earth molding drying &burning types of kilns used for burning. Fundamental technical terms used in brick masonry and their description sizes of common brick and joints. Necessity of bending bricks. Material used for   bonding bricks mortar type of mortar including mud mortar ratio of mix method of mixing mortar for masonry and plaster. Description specification and general care of alignment tools used by bricks mason gauge rod. Kinds of bricks and their uses. Characteristics of good bricks transportation and handling of the bricks tiles roofing & flooring –brief description about their manufacture and use. Necessity of wetting bricks &tiles before use.  Brick work-racking back and tooting details of bonding 9’’ and 13 1/2’’ English and Flemish bond special precautions at 
quoins –characteristics of each description specification of mortar tools. Cross wall and methods of construction –grouting of mortar joining and finishing of brick work. Different types of pointing tools used for same details of bonding cross wall. English & Flemish bond special precaution at junctions. Lime types-technical terms methods of manufacturing lime kilns and method of slacking comparison of hydraulic lime &cement. Method of construction of English and Flemish garden wall bonds its advantages &disadvantages over English and Flemish bonds PWD specification on brick work 
(e)  Block bonding of cross walls. Construction of coping-different shape of coping materials, used weathering & proving drip cement types brief description of method of precautions-PWD instruction on the above. Foundation definition purpose types 
and important technical terms cause of failure. Construction of still with over sailing courses-gauge rod. Its purpose construction and use door and window frames. Hold fats and do dowels purpose & method of fixing PWD specification on the above. Sand type 
building. Arch purpose and type technical terms used in connection with arches setting out of trammel and template for preparing voussoirs and key bricks dead man (Burji) construction of centering for arch.    Reinforces concrete lintel materials required method of construction handling and lifting precautions necessary setting lintels in position method of construction of form works for casting the lintel method of fixing uprights folding wedges for stripping cutting, bending binding and placing of reinforcement including canopy and porch. Hollow bricks-glazed sand lime bricks method of manufacturing land uses advantages and 
advantages.   Necessary to pillars types relations between cross section and height.  
 (g) Details of bending for square and rectangular pillars.  
 (f)  Precaution by construction. Technical term advantages and constructional details regarding cavity wall precaution to be taken at the bottom of cavity provision of weep holes and meal ties with their proper distribution. 
(g)  Special care at the junction of door or window openings. Definition of scaffolding types and part precautions to be observed. Local PWD specifications (Surki-Puzzolina). Site clearance profile and builders square steps in setting out marking of center line, excavation and other lines use of dead man and checking accuracy precautions. Windows & ventilators: including steel window and ventilators fixtures and fastening used in doors, windows and ventilators. Plastering tool use description necessary for screeds and their fixing steps in plastering door and window openings. Concrete ingredients selection of materials various ratio of 8 
mix and where they are uses measuring of materials for mixing. Moulding types place where the moulding occur in a building geometry of moulding making and using a mould. 
                Architectural terms concerned with classic moulding such as architrave apex, baluster bose column pedestals tympanum hand and machine mixing of concrete laying concrete. Method of curing local PWD specification water cement ratio. Types of floor and construction details such as consolidation of beds and filling concrete base & finishing. Types of floor such as mud or mureom, brick, stone, cement, concrete, terrazzo, mosaic, asphalt. Familiarization with the local municipal bye law Granolithic flooring. 
Purpose of drainage different systems their advantages & disadvantages method of collection, carriage and final disposal of wastage various types of constructions necessary. Classification of roofs-types parts, trusses roof covering materials for flat roof. 
(h)  House drainage system normal layout of drainage to dwelling traps. (Gulley, nahani, etc.) Their description purpose and method of fixing sanitary fitting such as W.C.  urinal wash basin kitchen suit , construction of surface drains & paying its surface with bricks. Drainage pipes types. Materials and size gradient for different diameter methods  of jointing and laying 
importance of water tightness concrete base and covering timber structure of tree, classification felling seasoning defects in timber 
local wood available their characteristics and use ply wood laminated boards brief description and use. Manhole standard sizes, necessity details of construction & benching provision of foot rests and drops top cover of manhole. Different methods of testing 
drainage system local PWD specification or the above subject. 
(j)  Septic tank  its purpose parts & method of construction bonding & water proofing of tank walls method of lining field drain with bricks shoring for deep  trenches names and sizes of timber member used safety precautions method of pumping sub soil water. 
Important of stone as a material for building construction coping conversion and dressing step in stone dressing types of stones as per ISI specification. 
 (k) Introduction to R.C.C. user, materials, properties and form work including bending of bar & construction reference to ISI, code. Reinforced bricks work. Ashlar masonry. Types of joint used in Ashlar such as chamfered beveled construction of stone steps 
with moulded nosing classification of stone geological and chemical characteristics of good stone brief description of and use of granite basalt tap lime and sand stone slate late rite, gravel marble. Lifting appliances such as lifting tackles, skips, chain, Lewis etc. 
Preparation in use them. Step in preparing and moulding of stone preparation of sheet metal mould checking the mould precaution. Types of marble and constructional detail such as consolidation of fitting & setting n floor, stair, pillar, wall etc 
(l)          Coping method of construction of different form of coping, such as brick on edge, slabs,  semi circular, triangular. Heathering throtting projecting courses such as corbal cornice. Rules regarding over hand. Construction of attached piers, pillars and 
buttresses tumbling in purpose bonding details method of construction reinforced brick work its necessity. 
(m)      Setting out and bonding details in wall circular in plan, use of profiles and trammel with RCC pre cast circular wall lining with brick. Setting out and construction of circular gate pillars with brick and stone bending use of different types of materials such 
as brick and tile concrete. Hollow block masonry laying of hollow block for wall, columns use of structural clay tile for partition pre cast concrete partition walls metal lathe partition, with post and planks foam concrete block partitions. Mixing laying compacting of RCC curing thumb rule regarding percentage of reinforcement for lintels, beams slabs, columns necessity for hook and cranking shear reinforcement. Type of external and internal finishes such as rough cast pebble dash and stucco-materials used and method of finishing factor to be kept in view, local PWD specification on the subject. 
(n)  Stairs technical terms in connection with stair relationship between tread and rise type of stair according to materials and shape, construction details of brick, stone and RCC stairs. Spiral stairs with precast concrete steps form work and shuttering names of various member with sizes, distance of placing their removal precautions local PWD specification on the subject. Use of glazed tiles for wall facing steps in fixing precaution necessity use of tiles in internal corners general precaution on finished job faulty workmanship and waste of material resulting from unfinished pieces construction and expansion joint method of filling repair of 
cracks. Roof pitched roof types, roof covering component part of roof. Theory of trussing , king & queen port trusses

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